AISHE Report: Girls’ participation in higher education equalized, success story by statistics

AISHE Report: Girls’ participation in higher education equalized, success story by statistics

All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE). Girls are now gaining dominance in higher education too. For the first time, the gender gap between boys and girls in undergraduate admissions in the country is seen to be almost filling. According to the All India Higher Education Survey (AISHE), till the last five years, 90 girls out of 100 boys were enrolled in B.Com in B.Com but in 2019-20 this figure increased to one hundred. In 2019—20, 41.6 lakh students enrolled in B.Com. Of these, 20.3 lakh were girls while 21.3 lakh were boys. 

Overall girls’ enrollment increased manifold in 5 years 
B.Com was the only stream where girls’ participation was low in the last five years. The gender gap in B.Sc and MBBS was almost over since 2017-18. This year, the right effort was completed in B.Com. In 2017-18, there were 100 girls per hundred students in B.Sc, while 101 girls were enrolled for 100 boys in undergraduate medicine. Within just two years, in B.Sc, there were 113 girls per hundred students while 110 girls per hundred MBBS students. In many courses where the number of students was more, the girls have now dominated. Overall, in all courses, in 2015-2016, there were 86 girls per hundred students, while in 2019-20 there were 96 girls per hundred students. 

Girls still less in technical field
The participation of girls in many courses has increased but even today the participation of girls in technical field is very less. Every year only 42 girls enroll in the BTech program for every hundred boys. At the same time, 53 girls take admission in the undergraduate law program per hundred students. 

Declining interest of students in engineering 
Total enrollment in higher education in 2019-20 was 3.85 crores as compared to 3.74 crores in 2018-19. There were 11.36 lakh more admissions in higher education in one year. That is, an increase of 3.04 percent in one year. Out of 3.85 crore students enrolled in higher education, 79.5 percent i.e. 3.06 crore students enrolled in undergraduate courses. After this, 43.1 lakh students were enrolled for master’s degree while 2.02 lakh students were enrolled for PhD. In this way 11.2 percent of the students enrolled in the master’s course. There has been an increase in the enrollment of students in all fields except engineering. This year 1.25 lakh students took less admission in engineering as compared to last year. Last year 38.5 lakh students enrolled in engineering whereas this year 37.2 lakh students enrolled. 

Increase in the number of Institutions of National Importance 
According to the All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) Report 2019-20, the number of Institutions of National Importance (INIs) in the last five years is 80 percentage has increased. In the year 2015 the number of INIs was only 75 which has increased to 135 in 2020. Not only this, it has been found in the report that in the last five years, the number of PhD students has also increased by 60 percent. Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ (Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’) expressed happiness over the AISHE report 2019-20 and tweeted that, “I announce the release of All India Survey 2019-20 Report on Higher Education. Getting happy. As you can see, we have improved the GER, Gender Parity Index. The number of Institutes of National Importance has increased by 80% (from 75 in 2015 to 135 in 2020).

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